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Vim Show and Tell


(Derek Prior) #1

We held a Vim show and tell at today’s dev discussion in Boston. We went around the room showing plugins, configuration, and general Vim tips in the hopes that some things might wind up in the thoughtbot dotfiles or we might make some people’s lives a little better in Vim.

Plugins We Like (at least some of us)

  • vim-vinegar - Adds some niceties to the directory listings (netrw, really) nicer.
  • vim-tmux-navigator - Seamlessly navigate Vim and tmux splits.
  • vim-rfactory - Early stages of development, but it adds support for navigating directly to traits and factories.
  • syntastic - Syntax checking for many languages. Already in the dotfiles, but worth checking out if you don’t use those.

@christoomey featured prominently in our discussion of vim plugins. Thanks, Chris!

** Configuration Tips **

Each of us shared some snippets of vim script that we found useful.

I started with help system speedups, that I lifted from @chistoomey, of course. Vim’s help system is great. Get in there. These bindings make it a little bit quicker to navigate around. You can hit enter on a highlighted word in help to jump right to the help for that. backspace takes you back where you were. q closes help.

autocmd filetype help nnoremap <buffer><cr> <c-]>
autocmd filetype help nnoremap <buffer><bs> <c-T>
autocmd filetype help nnoremap <buffer>q :q<CR>

You can change your cursor shape depending on the vim mode you are in. This is free in gVim/MacVim, but you can approximate that behavior in the terminal with this totally logical and obvious bit of vim script (courtesty of @gfontenot):

" Change cursor shape to an underscore  when in insert mode
let &t_SI = "\<Esc>]50;CursorShape=2\x7"
" Change back to a block in normal mode
let &t_EI = "\<Esc>]50;CursorShape=0\x7"

@djcp told us of the power of mksession (:help mksession). It will persist the current state of you editing session (splits, files, cursor positions, etc) to a file which can then be reloaded later. @djcp maps saving to F2 and restoring to F3 with the script below. You could conceivably persist and restore to a file based on current working directory to save multiple sessions. The file itself is interesting to look at to see how vim sets up splits and such.

map <F2> :mksession! ~/.vim_session <cr> " Quick write session with F2
map <F3> :source ~/.vim_session <cr>     " And load session with F3

Both @Paul_Smith and @djcp talked about settings for scrolloff (:help scrolloff). Paul sets his to ‘5’ so he always has 5 lines of context at the bottom of a window. DJCP sets his to 999, which causes the current line to be centered. @jferris thinks that’s crazy.

@blakewilliams showed us a bunch of leader commands he likes, but he did it very quickly and I didn’t get them all down. Maybe he can share some of his favorites with us here, or you can peruse his dotfiles.

@jferris schooled us all on grepprg. The thoughtbot dotfiles set this to the silver searcher (ag) as long as that’s present, but many of us also use the Ag plugin. It seems that’s largely unnecessary and could be completely replicated by setting :grep (configured to run via ag) to automatically open the quickfix window. Configuring :grep properly beats using a plugin because lots of internal vim things use :grep.

Joe also tried again to convert us all to relative number line numbering (:help relativenumber).

General Vimery:

We discussed some general vim tips, mostly driven by @jferris.

  • Marks. mm sets a mark named m. Go about your business in the file and hit 'm to return to the mark named m. Marks can actually be returned to with backtick or apostrophe and have slighly different semantics (:help marks).
  • Magic Marks. <backtick><backtick> returns to last jump position. '> and '< return to end and beginning of last visual selection. Lots more… see :help marks.
  • The paragraph motion - dap to delete a paragraph, etc. Great for moving methods around. See :help text-objects for a lot more.
  • , (if you haven’t used it as your leader) does your last linewise find (not search) backwards.
  • * searches for the word under cursor. # does the same, backwards.

Got any vim tips of your own you’d like to share?


(Geoff Harcourt) #2

Thanks for sharing, it’s great to be able to cherry pick through folks’ best ideas.

I’ve been trying to use dash with Vim more often to jump straight to API docs rather than open a web browser, google the class or method, and then follow the link. https://github.com/rizzatti/dash.vim seems to be the best current solution for that. Hasn’t reached muscle-memory level of use yet, but it’s on my cheatsheet.


(Joel Oliveira) #3

Sweet jesus this is a gold mine

THANKS GUYS!


(Tute Costa) #4

@jferris I think I saw you using :grep and replacing a string in the whole project. How do you do that? Thanks!


(Joe Ferris) #5

You can use :grep and a recursive macro to do find/replace, but I usually use the greplace plugin: https://github.com/skwp/greplace.vim


(Ralph Wintle) #6

Vim Marks - where have you been all my life?? :wink: Thanks, super useful.


(Geoff Harcourt) #7

@ralphwintle, that’s a place where I want to improve too. Right now it’s a lot of crude back-and-forth by jumping paragraphs. Always good to keep and maintain the cheat sheet!